Introduction

Wild rice restoration in Alderville
This website is produced by the Williams Treaties First Nations and is intended as a harvesting guide for the Treaty 20 area for all harvesters and to provide information about other issues of interest.

The Williams Treaties First Nations and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry participated in the development of the messages contained on this website without prejudice to ongoing litigation and negotiations.

History

Harvesting wild rice
The Williams Treaties First Nations are comprised of the Mississaugas of Alderville First Nation, Curve Lake First Nation, Hiawatha First Nation, Scugog Island First Nation and the Chippewas of Beausoleil First Nation, Georgina Island First Nation and the Rama First Nation.

The traditional territories of the Williams Treaties First Nations are located primarily in the Georgian Bay and Lake Ontario watersheds and includes certain principal tributaries and streams.

Background

Williams Treaties Treaty No. 20 area
On October 29, 2012, in Alderville Indian Band et al v. Her Majesty the Queen et al, Canada and Ontario took the position at trial that harvesting rights associated with preconfederation treaties signed by the Williams Treaties First Nations were not intended to be surrendered in 1923, particularly the Treaty 20 (1818) area which was the subject of judicial scrutiny in Taylor and Williams, 1981.

This position recognizes the Williams Treaties people’s constitutionally protected harvesting rights in Treaty 20. This means Williams Treaties harvesters are able to exercise rights in line with those of other treaty people in most of Ontario.